Final IDs - cooperatives He supported the cause of...

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History 101-01 Karl Pearson (1900) – National Life from the Standpoint of Science Karl Marx (1818-1883) – Das Kapital , Communist Manifesto (Feb 1848) Believed in the rise of the proletariat. Predicted that capitalism would be replaced by socialism and called for the proletariat to rise against the bourgeoisie, overthrow capitalism, and create an ideally classless society. German philosopher and founder of Marxism, the theory that class conflict is the motor force driving historical change and development. John Stuart Mill (1806-1873) – On Liberty (1859) true statement of liberty and individualism. Individual freedom and minority rights. These freedoms shaped a rational, moral, and civilized citizen. Placed limits on gov’t but still understood gov’t necessary to promote education, limit working hours, promote public health and provide workers’ compensation and insurance. He advocated the education of the working class as a means of raising their standard of living. He urged the formation of labor
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Unformatted text preview: cooperatives. He supported the cause of women’s rights. British philosopher who published On Liberty (1859) advocating individual rights against government intrusion and The Subjection of Women (1869) on the cause of women’s rights. Charles Darwin (1809-1882) – Origin of the Species proposed the theory of evolution based on his biological research. British scientist whose originality lay in suggesting how biological evolution might have occurred. He argued that chance differences among members of a species help some to survive while others die. This “survival of the fittest” or natural selection theory helped to spur on imperialism as Europeans quickly began to concoct ideas of superiority over their colonial inferiors. Evolution also challenged traditional Christian belief. Undermined the infallibility of Scripture and the conviction that the Bible was indeed the Word of God....
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