Running head: WEEKLY DISCUSSIONS 1 Week 03: Discussion: Student, RN, BSN Summer 2017 NURS 6501N-38: Advanced Pathophysiology Dr. Instructor Walden University
WEEKLY DISCUSSIONS 2 Discussion: Pain The neurological system affects all parts and functions of the body through nerve stimulation. Nerves also control the sensation and perception of pain. While pain can be described in a variety of ways, it is essentially labeled according to its duration and source. As an advanced practice nurse evaluating a patient, you need to consider the following questions: Does the pain quickly come and go, or is it persistent and ongoing? Does the pain arise at the source of injury or in another location? In this Discussion, you compare three common types of pain—acute, chronic, and referred. To Prepare Review this week’s media presentation on the neurological system, as well as Chapter 14 in the Huether and McCance text. Identify the pathophysiology of acute, chronic, and referred pain. Consider the similarities and differences between these three types of pain. Select two of the following patient factors: genetics, gender, ethnicity, age, or behavior. Reflect on how the factors you selected might impact the pathophysiology, diagnosis, and prescription of treatment for acute, chronic, and referred pain. By Day 3 Post a description of the pathophysiology of acute, chronic, and referred pain, including similarities and differences between them. Then, explain how the factors you selected might impact the pathophysiology, diagnosis, and prescription of treatment for acute, chronic, and referred pain. Read a selection of your colleagues’ responses. By Day 6 Respond to at least two of your colleagues on two different days who selected different factors than you, in the following ways: Share insights on how your colleague’s factors impact the pathophysiology of pain. Suggest alternative diagnoses and treatment options for acute, chronic, and referred pain.
WEEKLY DISCUSSIONS 3 INITIAL POST NURS 6501N-38 Week Three Discussion Pain Pain is complex, subjective, and individualized. Pain can be described on a Likert scale, and have different characteristics such as aching, burning, cramping dull, sharp, etc. With pain, different people can be exposed to the same stimuli and have various reactions. Individuals have different perceptions of pain as in tolerance or threshold. Because pain is the “unpleasant sensory and emotional experience associated with actual or potential tissue damage or described in terms of such damage” (Huether, & McCance, 2017, p. 336). In pain a noxious stimulus, such as stepping on a nail, activates a distress message. This message is then relayed to the spinal cord, up to the brainstem, the thalamus and finally to the cortex where the brain receives the pain signal causing a sensory or motor response.
- Fall '17
- keisha lovence