response 10 - Taz Karim Response 10 ANP 835 3/18/08 In the...

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Taz Karim ANP 835 Response 10 3/18/08 In the ethnography, Local Babies, Global Science , Marcia Inhorn uses explores how the introduction of new biomedical reproductive technologies into Egypt challenges cultural and religious notions of kinship, fidelity, inheritance and personhood. She also looks at larger international processes like globalism and transnationalism through the scope of pursued conception. In the prologue, Inhorn introduces us to Amira, a forty-year-old Egyptian woman who wants to undergo in-vitro fertilization (IFV). By discussing her life story – both personal as well as clinical – the author effectively introduces the reader to a variety of issues which will be discussed in the book. Chapter one discusses the issues associated with introducing biomedical reproductive technologies to Egypt. She begins by explaining how infertility is a global problem, affecting every population of people. However, Inhorn points out that over half of these cases are Muslims, but does not give a direct answer as to why. This is extremely counter-intuitive because this area of the world is also considered to be the more fertile. She also mentions that male infertility is the “sole cause or a contributing factor in half of all cases of infertility world wide” (6). Inhorn explains how pronatalism is the dominant ideology in this part of the world; and children are desired for multiple social and economic reasons. She takes time to elaborate on the difference between wanting a child and needing a child – specifically how in Egypt, not having children is not voluntary, but seen as a problem. In fact, it is the cause of strained social relations and reputations (10). Inhorn also explains the gender stereotypes and stigma which revolves around women in non-western societies; I found it particularly interesting how the Chinese “one-child-only” policy is interpreted by many as a “you-must-have-one-child” policy
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response 10 - Taz Karim Response 10 ANP 835 3/18/08 In the...

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