week6_coldwar.ppt - FDRs Four Freedoms speech via Norman Rockwell January 6 1941 The Yalta\/Potsdam conferences 1945 The Allies will occupy Germany The

week6_coldwar.ppt - FDRs Four Freedoms speech via Norman...

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FDR’s Four Freedoms speech, via Norman Rockwell, January 6, 1941
The Yalta/Potsdam conferences, 1945 In exchange the U.S.S.R. will declare war on Japan and hold “free and unfettered elections as soon as possible” in Poland. The Allies will occupy Germany The U.S.S.R. will get three votes in the United Nations General Assembly
Progeny of World War II: above: the Eniac; pioneer programmer Grace Hopper at the Mark II at Harvard; Bletchley mathematician Jean Valentine at Alan Turing’s decoder “Bombe.”
Einstein tells FDR to build the bomb
The Polish Corridor to Russia 15 th century Teutonic invasion Napoleon’s 1812 invasion The Kaiser’s 1914 invasion The Nazi invasion of 1941
Joseph Stalin, dictator of the Soviet Union
The Truman trajectory: (top left) Political boss Tom Pendergast and Harry Truman of Missouri; in Senate (far right); then President (below right)
Churchill, 1945 – The “Iron Curtain” speech in Missouri “An iron curtain has descended across the Continent. . . .
The Truman Doctrine (1947) Massive military aid to all governments fighting communism 400 million dollars in military aid for Greece and Turkey “Not since Rome and Carthage [has] there been such a polarization of power on earth.” –Truman adviser
George Kennan’s “containment” thesis, 1946 Stalin opposed west in order to justify his dictatorship Soviet Union had to be “contained by the adroit and vigilant application of counterforce at a series of constantly shifting geographical points . . . ”
Walter Lippman: “The Cold War” (1947) “Containment” basically put the strategic ball in the Soviet Union’s court
The Marshall Plan, 1947 Massive aid to Europe to reduce the influence of communism

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