Filofei Russian Christianity

Filofei Russian Christianity - Filofei's Concept of the...

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Filofei's Concept of the ‘Third Rome’ About the Document Late in the 15th century, three major trends dramatically reshaped the Orthodox world. The Byzantine Empire, long in decline, fell to the Turks in 1453. In 1480, the Muscovite Grand Prince Ivan III ("the Great") renounced his realm's subservience to the Mongol Khan, as the empire of the Golden Horde fell into squabbling factions. At the same time, Ivan III successfully gathered the far- flung Russian principalities under Moscow's control. These three events seemed to some the manifestation of a divine message. In about 1515, a Russian monk, Filofei, Abbott of a monastery near Pskov, developed an explanation of this "message," and submitted it to the Grand Prince of Moscow, Vasilii III. Filofei argued that Rome, the original seat of Christianity, had fallen because of corruption and heresy. Constantinople had been given over to the infidel Turks because its people had failed to practice true Christianity. Moscow, having succeeded Kiev as the center of Russian Orthodoxy, was therefore the logical successor to the first two "Romes" as the center of true Christianity. Filofei further argued that no fourth "Rome" would ever arise, thus Moscow must carry on the true Christian faith, and the Grand Prince of Muscovy must take on the role of Defender of the Faith. The Document
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Filofei Russian Christianity - Filofei's Concept of the...

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