Chapter 5 - electric shock Operant Conditioning-Idea...

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Chapter 5 Learning: Any relatively permanent change in behavior, thought or feeling that results from experience Classical Conditioning - Ivan Pavlov (late 1800s) - A previously neutral stimulus gets associated with a physiological or emotional response - Buzzer = no response; neat powder=salvation - Buzzer + meat = salvation - Buzzer = salvation John B. Watson and little Albert At first Albert like the white rat (CS) Phases of CC 1 st : Acquisition; the time during which the CS is paired with the UCS 2 nd : Extinction; the time during which we stop giving the UCS with the CS. . hit that buzzer long enough without providing the food, and the dog stops salivating 3 rd : Spontaneous recovery after Other CC Issues -Generalization – respond to many different types of buzzer- similar - Discrimination – training to be more specific, Use high buzzer and not give dog meat; but do for medium one. - Garcia Effect ( In 1966, John Garcia found the innate factors affect the effectiveness of conditioning. . taste more easily associated with illness, light with
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Unformatted text preview: electric shock. Operant Conditioning -Idea discovered by Edward Lee Thorndike around 1900-Law of effect: responses that lead to satisfying consequences are more likely to be repeated-Assiociated with B.F. Skinner (1904-1990; hardcore determinist. . free will is a delusion)-Skinner probably the most influential psychologist over the past 80 years -S-R psychology -Reinforcement: Positive(getting a paycheck) and Negative( Seat belt noise) (cause the preceding behavior to be more likely…Strengthens a response) -Punishment (causes the preceding behavior to be more likely…strengthens a response)-Aversive Conditioning trying to train someone to like something Factoring Affecting OC-Gradient of reinforcement (timeliness…the quicker, the better)-Complexity of behavior (skinner box; shaping; successive approximations)-Schedule of reinforcement; Ratio schedule vs. interval schedule and fixed vs. variable Alexander Bandera = 0bservation learning...
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This note was uploaded on 10/28/2008 for the course PSYCH 1100 taught by Professor Natev during the Spring '08 term at East Carolina University .

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Chapter 5 - electric shock Operant Conditioning-Idea...

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