3 - 1 FCE 212 Human Development History, Theory and...

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1 1 FCE 212 Human Development History, Theory and Research Tuesday, January 16, 2007 2 Human Development Human development includes all changes experienced throughout the lifespan. 3 The field of child development is… …the study of all aspects of human growth and change from conception through adolescence. …a part of human development. …of both scientific and applied practical importance. …an interdisciplinary field. 4 Periods of Development 5 Domains of Development 6 Domains of development (cont.) These domains influence and are influenced by one another during a child’s development. 7 Three basic issues 1.Is development continuous or discontinuous? 2. Is there one course of development or many? 3. Is nature or nurture more important in development? 8 Continuous or Discontinuous Development 9 Nature and Nurture 1 Nature Inborn, biologic givens Based on genetic inheritance 2 Nurture Physical and social world Influence biological and psychological development 10 Historical Views of Childhood 11 Early Scientific Study of Development 12 Mid - twentieth century theories Ø The psychoanalytic perspective Ø Behaviorism and social learning theory
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2 Ø Piaget’s cognitive-development theory 13 The psychoanalytic theories 1.Children move through a series of stages in which they confront conflicts between biological drives and social expectations. 2. How they resolve these conflicts, determines psychological adjustment. 3. Two outstanding theorists: Sigmund Freud (1856-1939)- Psychoanalytical perspective and Erik Erikson (1902-1994)- Psychosocial perspective. 14 Freud’ s theory The healthy personality development is determined by how parents manage their child’s early sexual and aggressive drives. Three parts of personality: id, ego, and superego. The relations between three determine an individual’s basic personality. Freud’s five psychosexual stages: Oral (birth to 1 year), Anal( 1-3 years), Phallic(3-6 years), Latency(6-11 years), and Genital (adolescence). 15
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This note was uploaded on 03/19/2008 for the course FCE 212 taught by Professor Gipson-tansil during the Spring '08 term at Michigan State University.

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3 - 1 FCE 212 Human Development History, Theory and...

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