5 - 1 FCE 212 Temperament Attachment 2 Introduction In child development two distinct approaches have made major contributions to identifying

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1 1 FCE 212 January 23, 2007 2 Introduction • In child development, two distinct approaches have made major contributions to identifying features of individuals which predict subsequent behavior: – Temperament theory and – Attachment theory 3 What’s the Difference? Temperament constructs - inherent. Attachment constructs - relational . • Former often precedes latter in development. • However, from a systems perspective, development could be viewed as involving a continuous interplay between aspects of temperament and attachment. 4 Temperament Stable individual differences in: – quality and intensity of emotional reaction, – activity level, – attention, and – emotional self-regulation. Child’s more enduring emotional mood disposition. Used to described one’s personality – i.e., cheerful, easygoing, hostile, irritable, shy, extrovert. 5 Thomas and Chess (1956) • Thomas and Chess (1956) initiated New York Longitudinal Study. Results indicated that: – Temperament is predictive of psychological adjustment. – Parenting practices can modify children’s emotional styles. 6 Basic Patterns of Temperament- 1. The easy child (40%) • Quickly establishes regular routines in infancy, • Generally cheerful, • Adapts easily to new experiences. 2. The difficult child (10%) • Irregular in daily routines, • Slow to accept new experiences, and
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2 • Tends to react negatively and intensely. 7 Basic Patterns of Temperament- 3. The Slow-to-Warm-Up Child (15%) • Is inactive, • Shows mild, low key reactions to environmental stimuli, • Is negative in mood, and adjusts slowly to new experiences. 4. Average blends of the basic 3 characteristics (35%) 8 Dimensions of Temperament (NYLS) – Activity level – Rhythmicity – Distractibility – Approach/withdraw – Adaptability – Attention span and persistence – Intensity of reaction – Threshold of responsiveness – Quality of mood 9 Mary Robert’s (1981) • Mary Robert showed overlapping dimensions of Thomas and Chess and other researchers. She points out 3 underlying
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This note was uploaded on 03/19/2008 for the course FCE 212 taught by Professor Gipson-tansil during the Spring '08 term at Michigan State University.

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5 - 1 FCE 212 Temperament Attachment 2 Introduction In child development two distinct approaches have made major contributions to identifying

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