Project 3 copy

Project 3 copy - Literature Review Concerning the Ethical...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–3. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Literature Review Concerning the Ethical Conflicts Within Genetic Modification The ethics of genetic alteration has been an intensely debated topic ever since Ernest McCulloch and James Till did the first testing of stem cells in the early 1960’s. This project investigates the current state of research and scholarship concerning the moral dilemmas of genetic alteration in society. Each article brings up different sides of the matter and argues the pros and cons of genetic modification. From the research within “Academic Search Premier”, there are two articles that are against genetic modification which include, “Stem Cell Ethics and the Forgotten Corporate Context” by Chris MacDonald and “A moral case study for discussion: designer babies and tissue typing” by Mario Sousa. On the contrary, “Ethics of preimplantation genetic diagnosis “by Yury Verlinsky is completely for the idea of ‘designer babies’ and modifying genetics. However, “Designer Babies: Eugenics Repackaged or Consumer Options?” by Stephen Baird and “A burgeoning science of embryological genetics demands a modern ethics” by Bob Edwards have more neutral responses on the topic and hold a bias free outlook on the topic. Largely, base on current research gathered there are no defined conclusions that can be determined as there are both positive and negative consequences from the results of genetic modification. First, the primary topic that these journals will be discussing is genetic modification. Genetic modification can be achieved through a number of methods. The goal is to introduce DNA, in the form of a gene, in order to find favorable physical characteristics. In vitro 1
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
fertilization (IVF) and preimplantation genetic diagnosis (PGD) are the two methods that doctors use to modify a women’s embryo. “IVF paved the way for preimplantation genetic diagnosis (PGD), also referred to as preimplantation genetic selection (PGS). PGD is the process by which an embryo is microscopically examined for signs of genetic disorders. Several genetically based diseases can now be identified, such as Downs Syndrome, Tay- Sachs Disease, Sickle Cell Anemia, Cystic Fibrosis, and Huntington’s disease.” (Baird, 2007). IVF is a technique in which egg cells are fertilized by sperm outside the woman's womb that is also know as in vitro. IVF is a major treatment for women who are infertile. The process involves hormonally controlling the ovulation process, removing ova or egg from the woman's ovaries and letting sperm fertilize them in a fluid medium. The fertilized egg or zygote is then transferred to the patient's uterus with the intent to establish a successful pregnancy. To summarize this, “It will allow parents to choose the child they want, not simply reject the ones they do not want” (Baird, 2007). IVF and PGD are the primary topics of dispute when it comes to the morality of genetic modification because of the God like power it gives people. In “A burgeoning science of embryological genetics demands a modern ethics” by
Background image of page 2
Image of page 3
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

This note was uploaded on 10/28/2008 for the course ENG 101 taught by Professor Cornett during the Spring '08 term at N.C. State.

Page1 / 8

Project 3 copy - Literature Review Concerning the Ethical...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 3. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online