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Chapter 8 - Chapter 8 Eating Disorders Progressive Weight...

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Chapter 8 Eating Disorders Progressive Weight Gain- usually associated with overeating & too little activity Obesity: most common eating disorder in U.S. Increasing # of cases each year. Some people are more Susceptible to eating disorders Genetic, Psychological, and Physical reasons These people feel the need to close the gap between reality and perceived ideal. Successful treatment is complex- goes beyond nutritional therapy Disorders are not restricted to class or race, can strike any age, either gender. But has demographic trends Eating Instinctive for animals Psychological, social, and cultural, religious, bonding, emotional purposes for humans Dieting is promoted to achieve the ideal body, contradicting that much of society is getting fatter. Extreme approach, pathological pursuit of weight control/loss- eating disorders Early in life, images of acceptable and unacceptable body types develop. For attractiveness, body weight is the most important because it is thought of to be a controllable factor. Fatness- most dreaded deviation from cultural ideals of body image. -Human Behaviors Around Food- Progression from Ordered to Disordered Eating: Attention to Hunger and Satiety signals, limitation of calorie intake to restore weight to healthful level. Some disordered eating habits begin as weight loss is attempted like very restricted eating. Clinically evident eating disorder recognized. Normal Eating: Follow internal cues Energy balance is met Eat when hungry Eating to physiological need. Stop with satiety. Normal weight. Under Eating: Tiny portions Not meeting energy needs Irregular meals Ignoring hunger, internal cues Underweight If a pattern: anorexia Over Eating: Ignoring internal cue of Satiety Exceed energy needs Overweight If a pattern: Bing eating disorder Alternate b/w two extremes: binging & starving binging & purging Ignoring all kinds of internal cues Normal weight with fluctuation of <10< lbs. on a regular basis Lots of Compensation If a pattern: bulimia All three are related because they are on the SAME CONTINUUM People are on ALL points of the continuum. Any place b/w normal and extreme. An Arbitrary line is drawn to Determine an eating disorder. You can: have disordered eating but at a certain point, considered eating disorder. Objective standards define eating disorders. Must have a specific severity. Food is linked with personal and emotional experiences. Its Source of Comfort is biological and psychological. Eating stimulates release of neurotransmitters(serotonin) & natural opioids/drugs (endorphins- natural body tranquilizers, pain reducer). Produces calm and euphoria. In great stress, food has a calming drug effect. Food is used as rewards and bribes.
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Encourages parents and children to use food to achieve goals beside hunger and nutria- needs. Contributes to abnormal eating patterns and *Disordered eating: mild and short-term changes in eating patterns in relation to stress, illness, desire to modify diet for health and appearance. A bad habit or style adapted from friends or family.
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