Chapter 1

Chapter 1 - Chapter 1: Sport in Black Pittsburgh Pittsburgh...

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Chapter 1: Sport in Black Pittsburgh Pittsburgh o o Produced 40% of the country’s steel o Immigrants came to the U.S. for job o Germans, Italians, Polish, etc. o Chose neighborhoods around the job, church, and tavern o Immigrants passed down residential occupational advances o Children built on efforts of their parents; parents handed down Black Pittsburgh o Black communities formed in the 19 th century ( The Hill ) o Black community growth was difficult unlike white counterparts o Continuous migration (coming and going, moving in and leaving) o Industrial production faded in WWI, economic decline o Idea that blacks from the south were uncultured and uneducated so there was a tension between the regional vs. south Black Sports o Sport was used to help acclimate blacks to urban- industrialized life o Blacks were excluded from YMCA o Centre Avenue Y constructed for blacks o Blacks were engaged in an array of sports (baseball, basketball, track) o Facilities were scarce because of segregation (used streets & sandlots) o Outside forces created a network for organized sport o o Formed city-wide alliances o Pittsburgh Bureau of recreation ran 8 recreational facilities on The Hill Crawford Bath House & Washington Park Creation of non-profit organizations o Settlement agencies Economic Decline
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o Impact of the war; Migrants flooded workplace (and women), shorter work days, took high paying jobs Organized Sport Movement o Socialization o Acclimation o Chapter 2: Black Baseball Entrepreneurship in Chicago Black Migration to Chicago o Housing segregation forced blacks to live in select areas o “Black Belt” o Church-Quinn Chapel AME (church) (1947) was a source of racial pride and sense of community o Black businessmen stressed self-help with each other and to support black business o Sports used a vehicle to heighten black consciousness & solidarity o Blacks engaged in cooperative business self-help & racial solidarity o Wabash YMCA (1913) for blacks o Semipro teams engaged/emerged in the 1870’s
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Chapter 1 - Chapter 1: Sport in Black Pittsburgh Pittsburgh...

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