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HST 369 Notes - Week 10 - HST 369 Notes/29/07 Kemmu and...

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HST 369 Notes – Week 10 10/29/07 Kemmu and Nabokucho Discussion Questions: 1. What factors led to the fall of the Kamakura bakufu? What group(s) played the most important role in destroying the bakufu and why? 2. What was a tokuseirei? Who issued it, what were its provisions, and what was its objective? What effect do you suppose it had on the economy? 3. GoDaigo became to first emperor in centuries to wield real power. How did he accomplish this, and what problems did he encounter? What were the long-term effects of his three-year reign? 4. Describe the new Ashikaga bakufu. How did it resemble its predecessor (The Kamakura bakufu) and how was it different? If jitō were the key warrior figures of the Kamakura age, who became the leading men of the Ashikaga age? Reading Notes – Hane - The bakufu was destroyed by Emperor GoDaigo and a faction - They took warriors, but did not reward them to their satisfaction Ashikaga Takauji - descended from Minamoto Yoshiie. Became the learder of the Kantō warriors. He went to take down the capital like twice and beat down GoDaigo. But G fled and made a new court in Yoshino. Takauji became shogun in 1338. The courts merged in 1392 Something new? - 1367 New position: Deputy to the Shogun. Alternated between the heads of 3 leading military families (The Shiba, Hosokawa, and Hatakayama (SP)) - Governor-general – oversaw administration in the Kantō region Yoshimitsu - made the two courts one - Yamana and Ōuchi clans crushed - became chancellor (like Kiyomori) and then a monk (but still powerful) - spent huge amount of dough on architecture (like kinkakuji) Were not stable economically or in their control over constables. After Yoshimitsu’s death in 1408, it went down hill. 15 th century - constables – taking over the shoen, convincing the owners to be their own vassals. Lu Reading N. Court and S. Court lasted for 57 years. Blood ties mattered little in whose side a warrior would choose. Latter part of the Kamakura period
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- nobles, temples and shrines were losing control over the shōen - shugo became the authority on local affairs, and while the bakufu depended on them, they could not curtail their actions - new agricultural advances and needs led to villages popping up despite previously set boundaries Economic Expansion - low and middle farming class - establishment of semi permanent market places - merchant guilds - the two above sought protection and paid dues or performed duties for those who protected them Muromachi Period Stuffs - - Chinese studies of Zen monks of the five temples - tea ceremony - Ikebana - art = subtle elegance (subdued) Tokusei – “Forgiving of Debts) 1297 – used to save the vassals of the bakufu because they were all dead broke. Unfortunately, it just confused things and caused a huge stir. So they gave up on that one, but they did it again from time to time.
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