MasteringPhysics4a - MasteringPhysics Assignment Print View...

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MasteringPhysics: Assignment Print View .. 1 of 11 10/4/2007 3:42 PM [ Print View ] PHCC 141: Physics for Scientists and Engineers I - Fall 2007 4a. Newton's Laws and Examples Due at 11:59pm on Friday, September 14, 2007 Hide Grading Details Number of answer attempts per question is: 5 You gain credit for: correctly answering a question in a Part, or correctly answering a question in a Hint. You lose credit for: exhausting all attempts or requesting the answer to a question in a Part or Hint, or incorrectly answering a question in a Part. Late submissions: reduce your score by 100% over each day late. Hints are helpful clues or simpler questions that guide you to the answer. Hints are not available for all questions. There is no penalty for leaving questions in Hints unanswered. Grading of Incorrect Answers For Multiple-Choice or True/False questions, you lose 100% / ( # of options - 1 ) credit per incorrect answer. For any other question, you lose 3% credit per incorrect answer. Newton's First Two Laws Newton's 1st Law Learning Goal: To understand Newton's 1st law. Newton's Principia states this first law of motion: An object subject to no net force maintains its state of motion, either at rest or at constant speed in a right line. This law may be stated as follows: If the sum of all forces acting on an object is zero, then the acceleration of that object is zero. Mathematically this is just a special case of the 2nd law of motion, when , prompting scholars to advance the following reasons (among others) for Newton's spelling it out separately: This expression only holds in an inertial coordinate system--one that is not accelerating--and this law really says you have to use this type of coordinate system (i.e., Newton's laws won't work inside an accelerating rocket ship.) 1. This was a direct challenge to the Impetus theory of motion, described as follows: A mover, while moving a body, impresses on it a certain impetus, a certain power capable of moving this body in the direction in which the mover set it going, whether upwards, downwards, sideways or in a circle. By the same amount that the mover moves the same body swiftly, by that amount is the impetus that is impressed on it powerful. It is by this impetus that the stone is moved after the thrower ceases to move it; but because of the resistance of the air and the gravity of the stone, which inclines it to move in a direction opposite to that towards which the impetus tends to move it, this impetus is continually weakened. Therefore the movement of the stone will become continually slower, and at length, the impetus is so diminished or destroyed that the gravity of the stone prevails over it and moves the stone down towards its natural place. A. C. Crombie,
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MasteringPhysics4a - MasteringPhysics Assignment Print View...

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