Exam 1 ISS notes - 1) Hurst Chapter 2 a) Economic...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–3. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
1) Hurst Chapter 2 a) Economic Inequality (1) 5 forms of inequality (a) Economic (b) Status (c) Gender (d) Racial (e) Political (2) Social economic status is (a) A continuum of inequality between classes (b) Partly the result of subjective judgments as well as objective conditions (c) Multidimensional (d) Nonconflictual in nature ii) Gilbert defined social class as a large groups of families approximately equal in rank to each other and clearly differentiated form other families. The various stratification variables tend to converge and jell; they form a pattern and this pattern creates social classes iii) Rossides defines a social class as being made up of families and unrelated individuals who share similar benefits across the three dimensions of class, prestige, and power. iv) Marx believed class was basically an economic phenomenon and was defined by an individual’s position on the social relations of production, by control over the physical means (property) and social means (labor power) of production (1) Class is not defined by income or occupation but rather by ownership/control in the system of production (2) Marxists generally view classes as (a) Discrete rather than continuous (b) Real rather than statistical creations (c) Economic in nature (d) Confliction in their relations v) In contrast to Marx, traditional conservative approaches define classes as (1) Existing along a continuous hierarchy (2) Largely statistically created (3) Being multidimensional (4) Nonconflictual in their relationships b) Technology and the Shaping of the U.S. Class Structure i) Politically, changes in rules and resources governing labor/management conflict, including unionization of workers, affect class conditions and relationships ii) Culturally, broad-based values about democracy, equality, and justice can serve to temper the extent of social inequality, whereas the presence of prejudice, stereotypes and derogatory ideologies about different groups can perpetuate such inequality. Finally, economic and technological developments have become increasingly significant for the changing composition of classes and for shifts in the distribution of individuals among classes c) Class structure i) Six major classes (1) Capitalist class (1%)
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
(a) Graduates of high ranking universities who are in top-level executive positions or are heirs who have an income average of $2 million mainly from assets (2) Upper middle class (14%) (a) Individuals with at least a college degree who are in higher professional or managerial positions or owners of medium-sized businesses who have incomes of about $120,000 (3) Middle class (30%) (a) Individuals who have high school degrees and maybe some college who are in lower managerial or white-collar, or high-skill, high-pay blue-collar occupations who make about $55,000 a year (4) Working class (30%) (a) Persons with high school degrees who are inlower-level white-collar (sales, clerical) or blue-collar (operatives) whose incomes are about $35,000 a year
Background image of page 2
Image of page 3
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

This note was uploaded on 03/19/2008 for the course ISS 215 taught by Professor Lang during the Spring '06 term at Michigan State University.

Page1 / 11

Exam 1 ISS notes - 1) Hurst Chapter 2 a) Economic...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 3. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online