reformatted_prelim_2_study_guide_07

reformatted_prelim_2_study_guide_07 - HD 115 Prelim 2 Study...

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HD 115 Prelim 2 Study Guide Fall 2007 Exam date: November 6, 2007 Time: 1:25-2:15 Place: Baker 200 Exam format: 50 multiple choice questions Lectures and readings from Sept 27 through Oct 30 are covered on the exam: 1. Know all of the material covered in lectures from Sept 27 through Oct 30 (including guest lectures). 2. Berk, Ch 7-11: Know the terms in bold and the summaries at the end of each chapter. 3. Berk, pp. 290-291: Be familiar with the emotional and social milestones on the milestones chart for infancy and toddlerhood. 4. Berk, pp. 408-409: Be familiar with the milestones of early childhood. 5. Berk, pp. 526-527: Be familiar with the physical milestones of middle childhood. 6. Berk, Ch 7-11: Focus on the following questions and issues for each chapter. Material from the lecture notes and the answers to the questions below are the most important things to know. Berk, Ch 7, pp. 251-289: Be able to name and describe the first two stages in Erikson’s psychosocial theory and the ages to which they apply. When do infants begin social smiling; when do they begin laughing? What do we know about the development of the four basic emotions of happiness, anger, sadness, and fear in infants? What is stranger anxiety? What is social referencing? What are the self-conscious emotions and when do they begin to appear? What is emotional self-regulation? Provide some examples of how infants manage self-regulation. What is temperament? Describe the three types of children’s temperaments identified by Thomas and Chess. What does research indicate about the stability of temperament? What about the heritability of temperament? How do child-rearing practices interact with temperament in emotionally reactive babies?
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What is goodness of fit and how does it relate to temperament, child-rearing practices and culture? What is attachment? How did Harlow’s research demonstrate that hunger was not the primary drive behind attachment? Describe Bowlby’s ethological theory of attachment. According to Bowlby what are the four phases in the development of attachment? Be able to describe separation anxiety, a secure base, and an internal working model. How does the Strange Situation measure the quality of attachment in one- to two-year- olds? Who developed the Strange Situation? Describe the four patterns of attachment identified by the Strange Situation. What does research indicate about the stability of attachment? What is the most common attachment classification in all societies. Using Germany, Japan, Israeli kibbutzim, and the U.S. as examples, describe cultural variations in attachment. What are four factors that affect attachment security? How is childcare in infancy related to attachment security?
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reformatted_prelim_2_study_guide_07 - HD 115 Prelim 2 Study...

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