CogSci_Prelim_1_Review_Sheet[1] -...

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Introduction to cognitive science: Su 2008 Exam 1 Review page 1 of 6 Review Sheet for Introduction to cognitive science Exam 1 Introduction to cognitive science What is Cognitive Science -interdisciplinary study of mind and cognition - What is an interdisciplinary vs. multidisciplinary approach -interdisciplinary =an approach to a question involving many academic approaches; communication across different research methodologies to solve a single problem -multidisciplinary =independently use several methods to study a particular problem What are the 5 major disciplines of Cognitive Science? -Philosophy, psychology, neuroscience, linguistics, computer science - What are some of the minor ones? -communication, communicative disorders, cognitive anthropology - Why are these areas important to the interdisciplinary approach? The big questions of Cognitive science - What is the mind/cognition? - What can do cognition? Does it require neurons & brains? Does it require bodies or environments? What is the relationship between ants and airplanes and neurons? Philosophy of mind What is Dualism? - a collection of philosophical views in which the mind exists independent from the brain/body -Socrates/Socratic Method is an example of dualism because slave boy could really do math without actually learning it so knew it before birth so soul is distinct from mind - Interactionism, Parallelism, Epiphenomenalism? -Interactionism =body and mind interact with one another-the mind controls the body and receives sensory information from the body-Descartes believed that it happened in the pineal gland -Parallelism =there is no interaction between the body and the mind-they just happen to be doing the same stuff at the same time -Epiphenomenalism =body interacts with the mind but the mind does not interact with the body-body causes the mind to exist (ex- computer causes heat but heat doesn’t help the computer run) - What are Descarte’s arguments for dualism? -Argument 1 : a “malignant demon” is manipulating our senses so we can’t trust them but something has to be doing the doubting (I think therefore I am) and since the body has a property that the mind does not, they must be separate entities
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-Argument 2 : the body is made up of discrete parts that still have all the physical properties of the whole body but the mind is not divisible (memory and language are not the mind) and since the body has a property the mind does not (its divisibility) they must be distinct entities Do you like them or not? Why? -these arguments do not necessarily make sense because of Leibniz’s Law of the identity of discernibles =two objects X and Y are identical if all the properties of X are also properties of Y and all the properties of Y are also the properties of X but if X has a property that Y does not, then X and Y are not identical objects -ex.=Lois Lane loves superman, Lois Lane does not love Clark Kent, therefore, Clark Kent is not superman (NOT TRUE!!) -therefore, this law does not hold up for beliefs (semantics) only syntaxes
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This note was uploaded on 10/28/2008 for the course PHIL 1910 taught by Professor Bienvenue,b during the Fall '08 term at Cornell University (Engineering School).

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CogSci_Prelim_1_Review_Sheet[1] -...

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