Pos Psych Prelim 3 Review Guide

Pos Psych Prelim 3 Review Guide - Pos Psych Prelim 3 Review...

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Pos Psych Prelim 3 Review Guide 14/10/2008 19:46:00 Forgiveness:     Forgiveness is not…     Pardoning:   involves a legal concept Condoning:   involves justifying the offense Excusing:   implies that a transgression was committed because of  extenuating circumstances Forgetting:   implies that the memory of a transgression has slipped out of  conscious awareness Denial:   implies an unwillingness or inability to perceive the harmful injuries  that one has incurred Michael McCullough =main man on forgiveness “Forgiveness involves a conscious decision—while acknowledging the  seriousness of the wrong—to release or forgo avoidance and to return to  benevolent and constructive feelings toward the transgressor.” Forgiveness as Prosocial Motivation:     Locating forgiveness at the motivational level allows for the fact that many  people might not behave in any new or benevolent way toward their  transgressor and that our beliefs are subject to change How forgiveness is measured:     Transgression-Related Interpersonal Motivations Scale The Proximal Antecedents of Forgiveness:       Careworthiness:   transgressors are “careworthy” when the victim perceives  that the transgressor is an important target for empathy
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Expectancy Value:   transgressors have expected value when a victim  anticipates that the relationship will have future utility Safety:   transgressors seem safe when they seem unwilling or unable to  harm their victims again The Distal Antecedents of Forgiveness:     Neuroticism:   makes transgressions seem more painful, limits perception  that the relationship will have value in the future, which would compromise  sense of safety Agreeableness:   allows victims to experience empathy and trust, thereby  making transgressors seem more careworthy and safer Narcissism:   tendency to denigrate the value and/or careworthiness of other  people, and are more easily offended Religiousness:   people who self-identify as religious or spiritual consistently  score as having more forgiving tendencies Interpersonal Correlates of Forgiveness:     Forgiveness may be influenced by characteristics of the interpersonal  relationship in which an offense takes place o People are more likely to forgive in relationships in which they feel  close, satisfied, and committed Study     :   McCullough et al. (1998) surveyed both partners in over 100 romantic  relationships o Both partners rated their satisfaction with and commitment to their  partner and whether they had forgiven their partner for two 
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This note was uploaded on 10/28/2008 for the course HD 3490 taught by Professor Ong during the Fall '08 term at Cornell University (Engineering School).

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Pos Psych Prelim 3 Review Guide - Pos Psych Prelim 3 Review...

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