HD_349_Prelim_2_Fall_08 - POSITIVE PSYCHOLOGY Prelim...

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POSITIVE PSYCHOLOGY Prelim 2--Answer Key Name ________________________________ Date _______ 1) Someone who primarily is inclined to expect bad outcomes across a variety of situations is an example of a_______________. a) Dispositional pessimist b) Defensive pessimist c) Dispositional optimist d) Strategic optimist e) None of the above 2) Which present-day positive psychologist is best known for his/her research on “Learned Helplessness”? a) Alice Isen b) Carol Ryff c) Martin Seligman d) Barry Schwartz e) Ellen Langer 3) Which statement is TRUE of an explanatory style? a) Explanatory styles represent our routine way of explaining bad events that have happened in the past. b) Explanatory styles represent our routine way of explaining bad events that will happen in the future. c) Explanatory styles represent a form defensive pessimism. d) Explanatory styles represent a form dispositional optimism. e) None of the above 4) Which of the following is NOT a component of an explanatory style? a) Personal b) Permanent c) Pervasive d) High anxiety e) All of the above 5) Which statement is NOT true? a) Personal explanations for bad events determine our degree of self-blame. b) Permanence addresses our expectations about how long bad events will last. c) Pervasiveness deals with how all-consuming the event will be. d) People with a “pessimistic explanatory style” are more likely to say, “It’s the circumstance” when bad things happen. e) None of the above
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6) When bad things happen, people with a “optimistic explanatory style” are more likely to say, a) “It’s temporary.” b) “It’s my fault.” c) “It’s permanent or long lasting.” d) “This messes up everything.” e) None of the above
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This note was uploaded on 10/28/2008 for the course HD 3490 taught by Professor Ong during the Fall '08 term at Cornell University (Engineering School).

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HD_349_Prelim_2_Fall_08 - POSITIVE PSYCHOLOGY Prelim...

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