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GLOSSARY 1968 Democratic Convention The presidential convention held by the Democratic Party in August 1968 that was marred by clashes between anti-war protesters and police. AAB lyric form The lyric form used in blues verses in which there are three lines, the first two being identical. Abbey Road Studios The EMI recording studio located on Abbey Road in London where most of the Beatles' recordings were made in the 1960s. Acid rock The umbrella term to describe the folk and blues influenced music of the psychedelic era. Acoustical process The recording process used before 1925 that used acoustical horns instead of microphones. Album The 33⅓ rpm 129 LP (long playing) record format introduced by Columbia Records in 1948. Aldon Music A songwriting company founded in New York in 1958 by Al Nevins and Don Kirshner. Altamont Speedway Free Festival The music festival held at the Altamont Speedway on December 6, 1969 that became infamous for the murder of a participant by a member of the Hells Angels.
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Alternative rock An umbrella term describing music from the 1980s with a wide variety of stylistic approaches and a decidedly DIY (do-it-yourself) independent attitude. American Bandstand The television show began in 1952 and hosted by Dick Clark from 1956 to 1987 that featured teens dancing to popular hit songs. Art rock An umbrella term to describe the philosophy of incorporating elements of European classical music, American jazz and the avant-garde into rock. Audio Home Recording Act A law passed by Congress in 1992, which among other things, allowed consumers to make personal copies of copyrighted material. Basement Tapes A series of recordings made by Bob Dylan and members of the Band in Woodstock, NY in early 1967. Beat writers A name given to authors and poets such as Jack Kerouac, William S.Burroughs and Allen Ginsberg who gained notoriety in the 1950s and espoused a philosophy of existentialism and a rejection of materialism. Beatlemania The word first coined by the Daily Mirror in 1963 to describe the huge popularity of the Beatles.