euro midterm review

euro midterm review - Italian Renaissance Dramatic rebirth...

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Italian Renaissance Dramatic rebirth of civilization in western Europe Urban Manufacturing/Trade/Banking Great wealth acquired, which was used to support the writers, painters, scholars, etc. Florence Important banking center, as well as major center of textile industries Medici Family Giovanni di Bicci de Medici Cosimo de Medici Ruled the city Piero Took over after father's death Lorenzo the Magnificent Ruled Florence from 1496 to 1492 Venice Government Oligarchy Political power exclusive to males, descendents of wealthy merchants Trade
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Trade accumulated the majority of Venice's prosperity Near monopoly on spices and luxury goods in all of Europe The Renaissance Popes in Rome Became increasingly involved in secular affairs However, this served to reduce their effectiveness and prestige Leo X Medici Used papal money to help Florence He was the pope at the beginning of the Reformation Literature Dante Regarded as first author of the Italian Renaissance Petrarch Sonnets Humanism Boccaccio Decameron Witty and bawdy tales Machiavelli
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Rejected Christian view of divine law Adopted totally secular view of politics Ruler should be concerned, first and foremost, with the continuation of his authority Castiglione Humanist Rules of gentlemanly behavior Cellini Wrote about his sexual exploits Valla Proved that the Donation of Constantine was a forgery Art and Architecture Giotto Placed humans in realer settings Masaccio Used light and shade to create a greater sense of perspective Botticelli Vivid colors Leonardo Da Vinci Paintings Oil paints Secular and humanized fashion of painting
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Scientific Interests Basically drew up many blue-prints for inventions that would not be created for hundreds of years Michelangelo Nude statues Sistine Chapel paintings Secular Northern Renaissance Differed from the Italian Renaissance I.R. was secular N.R. was infused with a much larger Christian spirit Printing Press Johannes Guttenberg Enabled the rapid spreading of knew knowledge and ideas amongst the educated classes Humanism Found inspiration in classical literature In the N.R. it is referred to as Christian humanism Christian humanists had a desire to use their knowledge of classical languages to bring them to a deeper understanding of their religion Erasmus "Prince of the humanists"
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Wrote a satire denouncing greed, ignorance and superstition Criticized clergy who represented these bad attributes Translated the Bible into Greek While he criticizes the Roman Catholic church, he had faith in internal reforming, and denounced Martin Luther and protestants for being too radical o The Renaissance in France Humanism Very popular Humanist Writers Rabelais
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euro midterm review - Italian Renaissance Dramatic rebirth...

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