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*STUDY GUIDE FOR* *IMPERIALISM* *TIME LINE* *IMPERIALISM OF THE LATE 19TH CENTURY* During the last quarter of the nineteenth century, there was a great surge of imperialist activity. The major European states, particularly *Great Britain, France, and Germany*, divided virtually all of Africa and much of Asia among themselves. This imperial expansion provided a dramatic manifestation of Europe's power and dynamism. By the end of the century, the *United States and Japan* had joined the ranks of the imperalist powers winning a surprising victory over Russia. As the imperialist powers increased their activity, rivalries intensified, increasing tensions among the powers. *Reasons for Imperialism* The possession of colonies offered a means to increase a country's military and economic power in relation to its rivals. The failure to acquire colonies came to be regarded as a sign of national decadence. *Social Darwinists* of the period (*Herbert Spencer*) emphasized the idea of life as a struggle, with the stronger surviving at the expense
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  • Spring '07
  • Giles
  • major European states, LATE 19TH CENTURY*, *STUDY GUIDE FOR*, *IMPERIALISM* *TIME LINE*, coastal trading colonies

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