16 - 1 Cognitive Development in Adolescence March 20, 2007...

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1 1 Cognitive Development in Adolescence March 20, 2007 2 Definition of Cognitive Development s Cognitive development refers to the development of the ability to think and reason. s Children (6-to-12 years old) develop the ability to think in concrete ways (concrete operations) such as: s How to combine (addition), separate (subtract or divide), order (alphabetize and sort), and transform (change things such as 5 pennies=1 nickel) objects and actions. s These are called concrete because they are performed in the presence of the objects and events being thought about. 3 Cognitive Development in Adolescence s Adolescence marks the beginning development of more complex thinking processes (also called formal logical operations) including: s abstract thinking (thinking about possibilities) s the ability to reason from known principles (form new ideas or questions) s the ability to consider many points of views according to varying criteria (compare or debate ideas or opinions) s the ability to think about the process of thinking. 4 Cognitive Development in Adolescence (continued) s During adolescence (between 12 and 18 years of age), the developing teenager acquires the ability to think systematically about all logical relationships within a problem. s
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16 - 1 Cognitive Development in Adolescence March 20, 2007...

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