TENNYSONetc2 - TENNYSON Ulysses: Dramatic Monologue...

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TENNYSON Ulysses : Dramatic Monologue Dramatic Monologue : “a poem in which the voice of a historical or fictional character speaks, unmediated by any narrator, to an implied though silent audience.” Def : dramatic persona written in first person; never the author speaking. Function : An unconscious character revelation. Reveals the personality/character of the speaker. 3 elements : speaker, listener, person(s) spoken about. Identify the personality of the speaker using 5 adjectives w/ evidence. Speaker: Ulysses Listeners: readers Spoken about: himself, his wife, his son, his mariners. Adjectives w/ evidence: Adventurous- “my purpose holds to sail beyond the sunset… until I die” Self-centered/egotistical- “I am become a name” he would rather be moving and making a name for himself than tending to his responsibilities as king. Irresponsible - “matched with an aged wife, I mete and dole unequal laws unto a savage race” he doesn’t want to do the work that’s his to do. Determined- “Strong in will to strive, to seek, to find, and not to yield” Energetic- “I cannot rest from travel. I will drink life to the lees” Tithonus: dramatic monologue. The lines take the form of blank verse (unrhymed iambic pentameter). Speaker: Tithonus Listener : Aurora, the goddess of the dawn Spoken about: himself and Aurora. Adjectives w/ evidence: Desperate- “Release me, and restore me to the ground. Thou seest all things, thou wilt see my grave” he begs Aurora even though he knows her gift can’t be recalled. Self pity- “Me only cruel immortality Consumes” Vain- “once a man- So glorious in his beauty” Jealous- “happy men that have the power to die, and grassy barrows of the happier dead.” Reminiscent- starting in line 55 then “Whispering I knew not what of wild and sweet, like that strange song I heard Apollo sing” Break, Break, Break: confessional poem. Def: really a general type instead of recognized as a formal form of poetry. Facts and experiences from the poets’ life presented in a mixture of description and meditation. Coleridge’s term conversational poetry is more of a tonal technique, even though these forms do overlap. Confessional poetry requires autobiographical evidence, description and meditation. Autobiographic note- nostalgic and thinly veiled reference to his late friend and Cambridge classmate, Henry Hallam. “O for the touch of a vanished hand, And the sound of a voice that is still!” Description- tactile image “cold gray stones” “touch of a vanished hand” “sound of a voice that is still” sensuous imagery. Meditative- “But the tender grace of a day that is dead Will never come back to me.” Special feature- emotion gives importance to the information, a technique that usually rears its head in confessional poetry. Crossing the Bar:
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This note was uploaded on 10/29/2008 for the course ENGL 2123 taught by Professor Molchan during the Spring '08 term at LSU.

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TENNYSONetc2 - TENNYSON Ulysses: Dramatic Monologue...

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