The romanticsPRINT

The romanticsPRINT - William Wordsworth I.Preface to...

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William Wordsworth I. Preface to Lyrical Ballads p. 262 a. What is it? i. Piece of literary criticism ii. Advertisement 1. democratic in subject matter, setting, and language; it was his sales pitch of “ buy my book because I’m just like you, reader” iii.Explanation b. Purpose: to explain why Wordsworth wasn’t using elevated language or writing about the upper classes i. In it, he uses ordinary people, language and situations; a lot of it is set in the country; simple emotion-filled words ii. It was an ambitious essay to try to change the taste of the reading public and to ‘buck the establishment’ iii.Wordsworth attributed to imaginative literature the primary role of keeping human beings human: emotionally alive and morally sensitive c. Characteristics of his poetry i. It is didactic – it teaches a moral lesson ii. Presents ordinary things in an unusual way, by using the coloring of the imagination 1. the ‘passions of the heart’ are easier seen in ordinary situations iii.Emphasis on childhood iv. He doesn’t start with an action and add emotion to it to suit the action; he starts with an emotion because the emotion is what gives significance to a situation in the first place d. Poetic techniques NOT used in Lyrical ballads i. Personifications ii. Poetic diction iii.Dead metaphors – trite and over-used e. 2 main terms defined in essay: poetry and poet i. Poetry: 1. spontaneous; not ordered 2. emphasis on emotions 3. emotion recollected in tranquility 4. autobiographical and personal 5. Definition (p.273) – “poetry is the spontaneous overflow of powerful feelings: it takes its origin from emotion recollected in tranquility.” ii. Poet: 1. thinks long and deeply 2. has an ‘organic’ sensibility – their work is a living, breathing creation 3. superlative: the same as other men, but better a. p.269: “he is a man speaking to men: a man…endued with more lively sensibility, more enthusiasm and tenderness, who has a greater knowledgeof human nature, and a more comprehensive soul.” f. What is the language of poetry? i. The language of prose, when prose is well-written 1. straightforward syntax ii. Emphasis on nature 1. p.270: “ g. The link between literature and science (p.271) i. “Poetry is the breath and finer spirit of all knowledge.” ii. Literature puts a human face (human values) on scientific discoveries iii.Any new discoveries are the property of poets to use in their art II. “Simon Lee” p. 245 h. BALLAD – narrative (a poem that tells a story), lyrical (musical, clear ± dominant rhythm, rhyme ± repetition, meter), short lines (4’ or shorter) i. Rhymed; 4ft/line j. Has a specific title (not a general one, like the Iliad , for example) with a subtitle and a sub- subtitle i individualized k. Set in Cardigan, a real place i. This brings the poem to life b/c it’s concrete l. Describes Simon Lee concretely and sensuously m. Introduces the device of: i. Folk hero – a hero coming from the
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The romanticsPRINT - William Wordsworth I.Preface to...

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