Psy 9-3-08 - Psychology 101: Notes (9-3-08) III. Research...

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Psychology 101: Notes (9-3-08) III. Research Methods C. Key Questions (How Scientific Method is Put to Use) 1. What is the theory, hypothesis? *Hypothesis: Any prediction about new facts that’s made from a theory a. Context Dependent Memory: Memory tied with surrondings (e.g. do better on a test if you’re in classroom in which it was taught as opposed to a different classroom). b. Change for CDM needs to be pretty drastic c. CDM is good example of using a theory: memorization=theory, coming up with a hypothesis: doing better in classroom A vs. classroom B= hypothesis, and providing falsification. 2. What type of evidence do we want to collect? a. Anecdotal (non-scientific) vs. Systematic (scientific) b. Case of Clever Hans (p. 25-27) * Proves need for Systematic evidence to rule out alternative explanations c. Using anecdotal evidence to support theory: evidence is biased *Dr. Phil testimonials: never wrong, advice is always spot-on. D. Steps in Systematic Data Collection
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This note was uploaded on 10/30/2008 for the course PSY 101 taught by Professor Jackson during the Fall '08 term at Michigan State University.

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Psy 9-3-08 - Psychology 101: Notes (9-3-08) III. Research...

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