Ch11-1 - e.g Habituation(384 Infants explore increasingly...

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Ch. 11 Developmental Psychology The study of changes that occur in people’s abilities and dispositions as the grow older. (383) Cognitive Development Study of differences and similarities in cognition among people of different ages. As well as changes that occurs across the life span. A little blank slate? “The baby, assailed by eyes, ears, nose, skin and entrails at once, feels that all is one great blooming…” –William James Prenatal Period Germinal stage (2 weeks post-conception) Embryonic stage (3 rd -8 th ) Goals of developmental theories -Describe changes within area -Describe changes in relationships -Explain course of development Childhood Stage theories (390) Consist of several qualitatively distinct periods - Unidirectional - Universal Maturation Genetically preprogrammed growth progress Primitive Cognition of the Infant (384-387): Infants look selectivelty at Novel Objects
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Unformatted text preview: e.g., Habituation (384) Infants explore increasingly with hands & eyes Infants explore increasingly to social ques. Piaget’s Stage theory General Thrust of Cognitive development is emancipation from experiencing world in terms of here-and-now. The Stages (392 – 394) Sensorimotor (0-2yrs) Preoperational (2-7yrs) The Semiotic function-But still deficiencies “Static” thinking Conservation-of-number test (393) Concrete Operations (7-12 yrs) – abstract thinking Formal Operations Logical necessity – Major premise: all mortal things die Minor premise: all men are mortal things Conclusion: all me die Limitations of Piaget’s theory (394-395) 1) Overestimates age differences 2) Vague about process of change 3) Underestimates role of social environment Infant’s Core Knowledge of Physical Principles (387) What Happens in adult hood?...
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Ch11-1 - e.g Habituation(384 Infants explore increasingly...

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