Humanities Course Outline, Unit IV- Rome.docx

Humanities Course Outline, Unit IV- Rome.docx - Rome From...

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Rome: From Origin To Republic See - Chapt. 5 & Documents, Introduction to The Aeneid , and “Tarquin the Proud and the Rape of Lucretia” 1. What was the Roman link to Troy? A Trojan prince named Aeneas (the son of Venus) fled with the survivors and eventually settled in Italy. His descendants, Romulus and Remus would later found Rome. Who was Aeneas? A Trojan prince who fled with the survivors and eventually settled in Italy. Who was Dido? First queen of Carthage. 2. Who were Romulus and Remus? Romulus and Remus are descendants of Aeneas. Why are Romans called “children of the wolf?” Legend held that when Romulus and Remus were boys they had been rescued by a real female wolf – a notion that was put into the famous Roman sculpture of a wolf nursing the two boys. Romulus and Remus are the founders of Rome. 3. Where in Italy is Rome? Rome is located at the Tiber River in the west central part of the country, about 23 km east off the Mediterranean Sea coast. Where are the Tiber, Rubicon, and Po Rivers? Northern Italy. The Tiber 4. Where in Italy were the Etruscan city states? Northern Italy 5. Where in Italy were the greek colonies? Southern Italy 6. What was the language of the Romans? Latin Why that language? A group of Latin-speaking people established a small community on the plain of Latium on the Italian peninsula. This community, called Rome, was one of numerous Latin-speaking communities in Latium, and the Latin speakers, in turn, constituted only some of the many peoples in Italy. Roman history is basically the story of the Romans’ conquest of the plain of Latium, then Italy, and finally the entire Mediterranean world. 7. What was the “Rape of the Sabine Women” and how did this enhance Roman power?
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To provide his citizens with wives, Romulus invited the neighboring tribes to a festival in Rome where he abducted the young women from amongst them. 8. How did the “rape of Lucretia contribute to the birth of the Roman Republic? Raped by a son of the king, Lucretia told her father, husband, and their friends what had happened and then committed suicide ‘‘rather than be an example of unchastity to other wives,’’ as an ancient Roman historian put it. Lucretia became the model Roman woman: a faithful wife and a pure and courageous woman who chose death rather than be seen as lacking in virtue. In revenge, the Roman nobles drove the king and his family from Rome and established a republican form of government, which ushered in the era of the Republic.
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  • Fall '12
  • Prahl

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