History 222 Final Study Guide

History 222 Final Study Guide - Amelia Frey Nuremberg Laws...

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Amelia Frey Nuremberg Laws Denaturalization laws of 1935 If one descended from four German grandparents, they were not considered ‘real’ Germans 1 st law: Law for the Protection of German Blood and German Honour: prohibited marriage and extra-marital intercourse between “Jews” and “Germans” 2 nd Law: Reich Law: stripped persons not of German blood of their German citizenship[ Laws formalized measures taken against Jews and represented an official implementation of the ideas that had already been unofficially engrained in society by Nazi totalitarianism Pablo Picasso Turn of the 20 th century Founded cubism movement in Paris in 1907 Complex geometry of lines and sharply angled overlapping planes—light doesn’t combine with shadows to create continuous contours Most significant artist of 20 th century Personified the individuality, freedom, and revolutionary creativity of the new modern artist/modernity of the new 20 th century Guernica—most important work—1937, Spanish Pavillion Crystal Palace Built to house 1851 industrial fair (“Great Exposition”) Architectural masterpiece of the day—made entirely of glass and iron Both materials were cheap and widely available at the time Significant because it was a true symbol of the industrialization of the West and the new urbanization and globalization occurring in mid-19 th century Europe Eiffel Tower Built for 1889 world’s fair in Paris Symbol of industrialization and mechanization of new modern world Built by Gustave Eiffel 100 th anniversary of French Revolution 300 meters high—tallest structure in the world for more than 40 years Represented the great feats of industrialization and the surge in the European steel community European Coal and Steel Community Social Darwinism Idea that the upper classes were the ‘chosen strong’ of the human race Herbert Spencer- author who applied Darwin’s biological principle to the human race Impt during the emerging urban society of the late 19 th , early 20 th century Popular idea among the upper classes because it solidified/scientifically justified their superiority Genetic predisposition or circumstance?
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Amelia Frey Blut and Boden “Blood and Soil” Phrase used by Hitler to describe his idea that those with German blood had the right to live on German soil Used to establish German supremacy over the Jewish community Nazis used this doctrine as a principle of thought and moral justification for their horrific actions Could also be (non-maliciously) associated with a sense of nationalism in the Europe of post WWI Enabling Act March 23, 1933, pushed through Reichstag Gave Hitler absolute dictatorial power for four years In essence, gave Hitler the ability to smash or control all independent organizations
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This note was uploaded on 10/30/2008 for the course HIST 222 taught by Professor Goode during the Fall '07 term at Occidental.

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History 222 Final Study Guide - Amelia Frey Nuremberg Laws...

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