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Unformatted text preview: Amelia Frey DWA take-home final 12/10/07 Humanitarian Intervention in Sudan The latest news regarding the state of affairs in Darfur is appalling considering the attention the international community has drawn to the region is recent years. Numerous organizations have risen to the challenge to educate the general world public about the genocide and violence, many of which are focused not only on human rights violations in general, but solely on the situation in Darfur. The state of Sudan, because of its blatant and cruel actions against its own citizens, is in danger of becoming a failed state, as the government is currently under both international and domestic fire. Although humanitarian intervention undermines a state’s sovereignty, in the case of Sudan it is extremely justifiable and even necessary in order to save the lives and dignity of hundreds of thousands of innocent civilians. Throughout the world, such intervention is justified when its purpose it to defend the basic human rights of innocent people. It is both acceptable and essential to maintain international order and guarantee basic human rights to all citizens of the world. Basic human rights, in their essence, are something every government should be able to secure for its citizens. They consist of the right to freedom from servitude, freedom of opinion, choice of religion and culture, the right to safety, to marriage, to owning property, to take part in the government, to a nationality, to work equally with others, to an adequate standard of living, to recognition under the law, and freedom from being “subjected to torture or to cruel, inhuman, or degrading treatment or punishment.” 1 When these rights are violated on a large scale or when innocent people’s lives are put at stake, taken, or disregarded, it is the duty of those who are able 1 1 Summarized from the Universal Declaration of Human Rights 1 Frey to intervene and provide aid. Although the United Nations Charter protects state sovereignty, its policies recognize that an intervention must take place if there is a “threat to international peace and security.” Historically, cases such as WWII, the Rwandan genocide of the 1990’s, and the ongoing violence in the current state of Darfur all validate the need for intervention regardless of protecting sovereignty. The major argument against humanitarian intervention is that an independent state has the right to sovereignty, which is violated when another actor interferes with its domestic affairs. Articles 2.4 and 2.7 of the UN Charter uphold the “importance of sovereignty and the convention on non-interference in another state’s affairs.” 2 The UN has even put restraints on itself in interfering with sovereignty, stating that “nothing contained in the present Charter shall authorize the United Nations to intervene in matters which are essentially within the domestic jurisdiction of any state.” 3 The idea of state sovereignty has been one of huge importance within the...
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This note was uploaded on 10/30/2008 for the course DWA 101 taught by Professor Chase during the Fall '07 term at Occidental.
- Fall '07