Lecture 7 - The Play and School Age Years Psychosocial 2008 student version

Lecture 7 - The Play and School Age Years Psychosocial 2008 student version

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The Play and School Age Years: Psychosocial Development
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Text readings:  Chapter 10: 255-270 (Play Years) Chapter 13: 355-351; 359 (School Years)
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Developmental Stages/Tasks (Erikson) The Play Years (2-6): Initiative vs. Guilt Enthusiasm, effort, self-evaluation, self  regulation The School Years: (7-11): Industry s.  Inferiority Mastery of new skills, competence
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Individual Development and  Contextual Influences: Overview Developmental psychologists focus on  key areas of psychosocial development Emotions  Prosocial behavior Moral development Aggression
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Primary socialization contexts: Family (early development in play years  also in the school years and beyond) Peers (particularly in the school years, then  increasing in adolescence)
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Emotional Development Recall, primary emotions are  biologically programmed, emerge early,  do not require self reflection (first few  months)
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Secondary Emotions Secondary (Complex) Emotions : require self  awareness and sense of personal responsibility embarrassment self-conscious emotions - involve damage to or  enhancement of the sense of self shame, pride (2 ½ - 3 years) self-evaluative emotions  - require self-recognition  and understanding of rules and standards of  evaluating one’s conduct guilt (around age 5-6)—more mature than shame jealousy
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Empathy and Antipathy With increasing social awareness,  children develop two new emotions: Empathy: Ability to understand other’s  emotions Antipathy: Feelings of anger, distrust, or  even hatred towards another How is this related to egocentrism?
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Prosocial Behavior Prosocial behavior is voluntary  behavior intended to benefit another 12- to 18- month olds act in ways that  resemble prosocial behavior  (Hay et al., 1991) Some toddlers may try and comfort  companions, others become personally  distressed by others’ discomfort 
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Lecture 7 - The Play and School Age Years Psychosocial 2008 student version

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