Final Review - S&TS 201 Review What Is Science Definition...

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S&TS 201 Review What Is Science?
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Definition of key terms/concepts Case Studies as examples From the course packet From Golem books From discussions in sections
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Some key case studies Solar Neutrinos Challenger disaster Lancaster Sheep Farmers Breast Implants ESP or crop circles HIV and AIDS TEA laser Genetically Modified Foods QWERTY keyboard Patriot Missiles Moog Synthesizer Anti-Misting Kerosene Cold Fusion ... the list goes on...
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Metaphor Metaphors FOR science: science is God- like, science is a Golem... Metaphors IN science: “the brain is a computer”, FrankenFood...
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Theory-Laden Observation Observations are laden with (depend upon) theoretical assumptions: we learn to see, and thus see what we know how to see Observation is active and a skill; may also be practice-laden Opposed to a passive or mirror view of observation Observation involves Similarity and Difference judgments
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Three more key terms INSCRIPTION DEVICES: turn lab practices and objects into transportable, reproducible data EVIDENTIAL CONTEXT: “The context in which the observation or experimental result takes on relevance” INTERPRETATIVE FLEXIBILITY: different scientists can interpret the same results in different ways (often due to different evidential contexts or even different paradigms)
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