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Chapter 4 - FCE 225 Development of Basic Competencies...

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Unformatted text preview: FCE 225 Development of Basic Competencies Infant States States are an infant's first line of defense: infant' Regular sleep Irregular sleep Drowsiness Alert inactivity Waking activity Crying Physical Development In Infancy Other interesting facts: i SIDS i Crying A 2004 study showed "that the majority of crying was to elicit care in the parents." Not all types of cries are parents." distinctive, but here are some cues: 1. Reflexes babies are born with 70 i i Good reflexes tell caregivers that babies are neurologically sound The Fencer i Sudden i Sleeping 16 or more hours per day, in roughly four hour cycles i i Sleeping habits for parents and babies is largely a cultural phenomenon Westernized cultures expect independence and regularity in an infant's sleeping habits infant' Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS) greatly on the decline attributed partly to the "Back to Sleep" campaign Sleep" i Still, 57 in 100,000 live births will result SIDS i Most common between 2-4 months of age 2- 2. 3. 4. 5. Hunger crying will start soft and increase in intensity; will be accompanied by a rooting behavior Fatigue usually sounds like a low-grade whining lowPain usually a high-pitched, urgent cry; check immediately highfor a source of pain Discomfort a baby who is hot, wet, dirty or uncomfortable may also squirm while crying Overstimulation if a baby cries while turning his or her head away, the baby needs a break from the current activity Parentpedia, 2008, "Understanding Cries" Parentpedia, Cries" Temple Odom PhD MSU 1 FCE 225 i On-Demand On- Feeding i Breast-Feeding Breasti Formula (Bottle) Feeding i Additional Cautions Regarding Nutrition i Graduating to "Regular" Regular" foods Feeding Other Issues Toilet Training Infant Medical Check-ups CheckVaccinations Brain Growth and Development Norms the brain is almost at adult weight and size by age 7 i Importance of attachment behavior in brain growth i Eye contact stimulates growth Physical contact stimulates growth i Singing to baby stimulates hearing i Visual and auditory experiences helps baby learn his or her language i i The Rate of Growth of Key Systems and the Brain Motor Development i i i i Rhythmic Behaviors peak right before the baby learns to crawl Locomotion learning to walk is the end of a long series of developmental motor skills Manual Skills in two short years, the infant moves from general swiping movements to being able to hold a crayon or an eating utensil Vision q Visual constancy: q7 q Newborn's Newborn' Sensory Development to 10 inches is best at first eyes seem to wander q Depth i i i perception: to develop at 6 to 8 months q begins Hearing: New laws mandate screening newborns in some states Taste and smell: both present at birth Cutaneous senses q Circumcision Temple Odom PhD MSU 2 FCE 225 Perception of the Human Face Temple Odom PhD MSU 3 ...
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