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oct 13 2004 - Answers to questions are at the bottom of the...

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Answers to questions are at the bottom of the exam PSY301-Pennebaker Exam 2 –October 13, 2004 1. Genny knows a lot about birds. But, recently, while she was on a late evening bird watching trip she saw a bat for the first time in her life. In order to cognitively process the new information, she will first try to understand the bat by ___________ it into her “bird” schema but then realize that there are many key differences between the bat and a bird and end up _________________ the bat by creating a new “bat” schema. a. Assimilating, accommodating b. Schematizing, changing her attachment to c. Reducing, running from d. Bargaining, psychologically consuming e. Operationalizing, rationalizing 2. Theory of mind, or TOM: a. is mastered during the concrete operations stage and is considered an example of the loss of egocentric thought. b. is a sign of general intelligence. c. seems to be a learned ability. d. is a philosophical movement based on Descartes. e. seeks to understand how people behave based on their mental states. 3. Joe Bob has been in a close relationship with Chauntelle for two years. When she announces that she will be going out of town for work, he gets extremely nervous and upset, begging her not to leave. While she is gone, he tries to call her several times a day. When she finally returns, his first reaction to seeing her is anger rather than happiness. An attachment expert would probably observe that Joe Bob: a. never resolved the trust versus mistrust stage b. serves as an excellent example of Parental Investment Theory c. grew up with an anxious relationship with his mother and/or father that has resulted in his having a preoccupied attachment style d. may have had an insecure attachment relationship with his parents as a child but his current issues with Chauntelle reflect common insecurities of new adult relationships e. is a serious nut and that Chauntelle would do well to find someone who was a little bit more stable 4. Which of the following groups exhibit parallel forms of babbling as compared to normal children? a. deaf children of parents who sign b. children with dyslexia c. autistic children d. infant chimpanzees e. children with Down syndrome 5. The case of Genie, the girl who was exposed to virtually no language until discovered by welfare workers at the age of 13, provided evidence that: a. synaptic pruning causes alexithymia and hyper-phonology b. people can master language at any age due to the brain’s plasticity
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c. stories of children not being exposed to language in a household are almost always a hoax. Highly abusive upbringings inevitably lead to the early death of the child (failure to thrive) d. individuals are unable to acquire more than a few words if they are not exposed to language by the age of 12 e. children must be exposed to language before the age of 12 if they are to master the rules that govern language 6. Operant conditioning typically involves ____________ while classical conditioning more often involves _____________.
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