Final Review.docx - Federal judges are appointed by the...

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Federal judges are- appointed by the president of the United States What types of cases does the Texas Supreme Court hear?- Civil Cases Know the requirement(s) necessary to be a judge of the Texas Supreme Court?- 35 Years old, us citizen, resident of Texas, be an attorney or judge for at least ten years prior Which court in Texas has automatic jurisdiction over all death penalty cases?- Texas Court of Criminal Appeals The Texas Supreme Court and court of criminal appeals have appellate jurisdiction, which means they have the authority to do what?- They can review the decisions of the lower courts to make sure that proper legal process and procedure were followed correctly . Appeals at the level of the court of appeals are typically heard by panels of how many justices? 3 There are 14 courts of appeals in Texas, with 80 justices serving those courts. Each county has at least how many district courts? – At Least one The major trial courts in Texas are – District Courts Whichcourthears appealsfromjusticesof thepeace andfrommunicipalcourts CountyCourts What percentage of the 819 justices of the peace in Texas are non-lawyers? - 93 Municipal courts have jurisdiction over- violations of municipal ordinances Which of the following are NOTart of the Texas judicial system? Commissioners courts Courts that can review matters relating to the disposition of property of deceased persons are referred to as what? Statutory probate courts Justice of the peace courts handle which kind of disputes?- small claims The majority of the cases that justice of the peace judges hear are those regarding- traffic misdemeanors A person who files a civil lawsuit against another party is called a- plaintiff An indictment is also known as a- True Bill In Texas, trial lawyers tend to support democratic judicial candidates. What is the major difference between campaigns of civil court judges versus criminal court judges?- Enormous amounts can be involved in civil cases whilst the practice of criminal law is not very lucrative Why does it typically cost more money to win a seat on the Texas Supreme Court than a seat on the Texas court of criminal appeals?- There are few interest group that contribute money to the criminal appeals court candidate campaigns which keeps down the cost of the election In Texas, all judges EXCEPT municipal judges are- are elected through partisan election What is the most important role the governor of Texas plays in the judicial process?- The governor has the power to appoint judges to fill any vacancies on the bench for the time period before elections are held Like the U.S. Supreme Court, the Texas Supreme Court has nine justices, including one chief justice.- false TheTexas SupremeCourtand the court of criminalappeals have appellatejurisdiction. True The Texas Supreme Court has jurisdiction over the automatic appeals in all death penalty cases.- False Texas Supreme Court justices are elected for four-year terms.-
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