Final Exam Review.docx - REVIEW FINAL EXAM HISTORY 1302 DR...

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REVIEW, FINAL EXAMHISTORY 1302 – DR. WATSONWho led the “occupation” of Japan after WWII? General Douglas MacArthurThe Berlin “Blockade” (Airlift): (24 June 1948 – 12 May 1949) was one of the first major international crises of the Cold War. Soviet Union blocked the Western Allies railway, road, and canal access to the sectors of Berlin under Western control.The Fair Deal – the components of it?: Truman put forth the Fair Deal, proposals for national health care, public housing, education, and public works projects.Strom Thurmond – from what state? An U.S Senator from South Carolina The Marshall Plan – What was it? ERP European Recovery Program. Rebuild EuropeNATO- North Atlantic Treaty Organization- North Atlantic Alliance. intergovernmental military alliance between several North American and European states based on the North Atlantic TreatyMao Tsetung – Who was he? he became a founder member of the Chinese Communist Party (CCP) and set up a branch in Hunan. In 1923“Containment” policy – Who created it? to prevent the spread of communism. George F. Kennan and Harry TrumanThe Taft-Hartley Act: Labor Management Relations Act of 1947 U.S.C. that employees wont get fired if in a labor union.The National Security Act: major restructuring of the United States government's military and intelligence agencies. Act merged the Department of War (renamed as the Department of the Army) and the Department of the Navy into the National Military Establishment (NME). also created the Department of the Air Force and the United States Air Force, which separated the Army Air ForcesWhy the “economic boom” after WWII?: Car company’s went back to making cars. Houses were bought cause military men had money to spend. Women continued to work have more money for family.The Truman Doctrine: Provide political, military and economic assistance to all democratic nations under threat from external or internal authoritarian forces. possible intervention in faraway conflicts.Inchon: amphibious invasion and battle of the Korean War that resulted in a decisivevictory and strategic reversal in favor of the United NationsAnti-communism in the late 1940’s and early 1950’s: American fears of internal communist subversion reached a nearly hysterical pitch. Government loyalty boardsinvestigated millions of federal employeesJoseph McCarthy; charges that communists have infiltrated the Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) and the atomic weapons industry, “Had” a list of 200 known communist.John Foster Dulles A U.S Secretary of Stateadvocating an aggressive stance against Communism throughout the world. French in their war against the Viet Minh in Indochina but rejected the Geneva Accords that France and the

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