international law paper 1

international law paper 1 - Stanislav Drapkin(M00175925 Law...

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Stanislav Drapkin (M00175925) Law 3913 Assessment Essay 1 International recognition of a state carries with it many rewards and responsibilities. There are several underlying factors that must be fulfilled in order for a state to gain international recognition. This paper will evaluate the process leading to the recognition of the states of the former Yugoslavia, now recognized as Slovenia, Croatia, Macedonia, Serbia, Montenegro, and Bosnia and Herzegovina. After the Second World War and prior to 1991 the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia (SFRY) consisted of six socialist republics, with their own forms of government, but still under the distinct control of one man who was named president for life; Josip Broz Tito. After the death of Tito, the six republics formed a single presidency, and in the period between 1980 and 1991 the decline of the SFRY took place. In June of 1991 the republics of Slovenia and Croatia declared their independence from the SFRY as was allowed by the revised 1974 SFRY Federal Constitution. Later that year in September, Macedonia declared its regression. Bosnia and Herzegovina soon followed in March of 1992. In April of 1992 the two socialist republics that were left Serbia and Montenegro formed the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia (FRY) which lasted up until June of 2006 when they separated due to a vote by its citizens. In order for a state to become recognized we must understand how a state can come into being, in the aforementioned case of Yugoslavia it was due to Decolonisation of the republics and their right of self-determination. At the Montevideo Convention on the Rights and Duties of States in
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