CH 10 outline

CH 10 outline - CH 10 THINKING AND LANGUAGE I Mental...

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CH 10: THINKING AND LANGUAGE I. Mental Representations a. Cognition thinking: manipulating transforming information in memory b. Concepts mental grouping of everything; web-association organized hierarchies; similar=closely related c. Prototypes most common representation; differ by culture II. Problem Solving try to find and reach a goal, method is not obvious, no set way; main way “try-error” a. Strategies for Problem Solving i. Incubation step away for a while work on different tasks Insight ii. Means-ends analysis break goals into sub goals iii. Analogies ways to solve past problems b. Obstacles to Problem Solving i. Multiple Hypotheses limited working memory, difficult memorizing multiple ways ii. Mental Set used to one way, though sometimes another is more appropriate iii. Functional Fixedness tendency to use familiar objects and ways rather than creative ones iv. Confirmation Bias tendency to pay more attention to information that agrees with the original ideas.
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CH 10 outline - CH 10 THINKING AND LANGUAGE I Mental...

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