CH 12 intro outline

CH 12 intro outline - CH 12 MOTIVATION I Perspectives on...

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CH 12: MOTIVATION I. Perspectives on Motivation: Why; the need or desire that energizes behaviors and directs toward a particular goal; purpose a. Instinct Theory: ties in evolutionary psychology; rather physiological needs rather than psychological i. Instincts: unlearned automatic involuntary behaviors ii. Human behavior b. Drive Reduction Theory: innate biological causes; psychological and physiological imbalances create the drives i. Drive ii. Homeostasis: the tendency to keep psy and phy in a static state c. Incentive Theory: stay away from the internal, do to get the best results; allow differences between individuals; vary from person to person d. Arousal Theory: we seek arousal instead of keeping in balance We seek to maintain a certain level of arousal which varies from a person to another i. Optimal arousal level e. Maslow’s Hierarchy: hierarchically arranged needs; the lower should be partially satisfied to seek the upper level; it’s a fairly simplest view i.
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CH 12 intro outline - CH 12 MOTIVATION I Perspectives on...

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