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System Theory Application 1Running head: SYSTEM THEORY APPLICATION IN HEALTHCARESystem Theory Application in HealthcareWalden UniversityInterprofessional Organizational and System LeadershipNURS 6053March 12, 2017
System Theory Application in HealthcareIntroductionAccording to Johnson and Horowitz (2008), the systems-based practice can be seen as an analytic tool, as well as a way of viewing the world, both of which can make caregiving and change efforts more successful. There are two types of systems in organizations: closed systems and open systems. An open system interacts with its environment through giving and receiving information. Closed systems are closed off from the outside environment, and all interaction and knowledge are maintained within the closed system only. Closed systems can hamper growth since the flow of information stays within the system and has no chance to interact with the outside world. In this paper, we will identify a peculiar issue with one of the units of the hospitals where I work, analyze the components and proffer solutions.Description of problemIn addition to understanding what a system is, it is important to recognize how systems can contribute to or undermine outcomes, such as quality and safety of care. An issue I would like to discuss is physician coverage in my unit on the late night shift. In many countries, the sustainability and quality of nursing services are threatened by global shortages of healthcare professionals (International Council of Nurses 2006), this deficit cuts across all areas of healthcare like nurses, physicians, physician assistants, pharmacists, nurse practitioners etcetera. This challenge may have contributed to the problem I identified, or it may also be an attempt to save cost. Unfortunately, this issue has far reaching impact on the provision of care to patients and also on other members of the team.I work in step down unit, most of my patient are stable and on their way home. The management assumes that because it is a night shift, we usually do not need a lot of physician
coverage. They also believe that most of the patients will sleep overnight and just need little or no maintenance. In most cases, this assumption is accurate, but we sometimes have complicated