PSY_StudyGuideExam1 - PSY 255 EXAM 1 STUDY GUIDE Module 1.1...

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PSY 255 EXAM 1 STUDY GUIDE Module 1.1 Industrial-organizational (I-O) psychology : the application of psychological principles, theory, and research to the work setting Society for I-O Psychology (SIOP): an association to which many I-O psychologists, both practitioners and researchers belong Personnel psych (HR management): practices such as recruiting, selection, retention, training, and development of people (HR) in order to achieve industrial and organizational goals Organizational psych : field of psych that combines research from social psych and organizational behavior and addresses the emotional and motivational side of work Scientist-Practitioner model : uses scientific tools and research in the practice of I- O psych Module 2.1 Science : approach that involves the understanding, prediction, and control of some phenomenon of interest Hypothesis: prediction about relationship(s) among variable of interest Expert witness: witness in a lawsuit who is permitted to voice opinions about organizational practices Peer Reviewed: process in which research is subjected to scientific scrutiny by peer researchers who evaluate the research and consider plausible alternative explanations Module 2.2 Research design: provides the overall structure or architecture for the research study; allows investigators to conduct scientific research on a phenomenon of interest Experimental design: participants are randomly assigned to different conditions Quasi-Experimental design: participants are assigned to different conditions, but random assignment to conditions is not possible Non-Experimental design: does not include any “treatment” or assignment to different conditions Observational design: the researcher observes employee behavior and systematically records what is observed Survey design: research strategy in which participants are asked to complete a questionnaire or survey Quantitative methods: rely on tests, rating scales, questionnaires, and physiological measures, and yield numerical results Qualitative methods: rely on observation, interview, case study, and analysis of diaries or written documents and produce flow diagrams and narrative descriptions of events or processes Triangulation: approach in which researchers seek converging information from different sources
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Job Analysis: process that determines the important tasks of a job and the human attributes necessary to successfully perform those tasks Generalize: to apply the results from one study or sample to other participants or situations Experimental control: characteristic of research in which possible confounding influences that might make results less reliable or harder to interpret are eliminated; often easier to establish in laboratory studies then in field studies Statistical control: using statistical techniques to control for the influence of certain variables. Such control allows researchers to concentrate exclusively on the primary relationships of interest.
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