Mead_Mind__Self__and_Society - THEU N I V E ROF CHICAGO S~...

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THE UNIVERS~ OF CHICAGO PRESS, CHICAGO 60637 The University of Chicago Press, Ltd., London Copyright 1934 by The University of Chicago Reneival Copyright 1962 by Charles W Morris All righfs reserved Published 1934. Paperback edition 1967 Printed in the United Stales o/America LCN: 35-292 ISBN: 0-226-51668-7 (paperback) @The paper used in this publication meets the minimum requirements of the American National Standard for Information Sciences-Permanence of Paper for Printed Library Materials, ANSI 239.48-1992. 1'HE UNIVERSI'I'Y OF CHICAGO PRESS CHlCACO AND LONDON
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MIND, SELF, AND SOCIETY Mind arises in the social process only when that process as a whole enters into, or is present in, the experience of any one of the given individuals involved in that process. When this oc- PART I11 curs the individual becomes self-conscious and has a mind; he be- comes aware of his relations to that process as a whole, and to the other individuals participating in it with him; he becomes THE SELF aware of that process as modified by the reactions and interac- 18. THE SELF AND THE ORGANISM tions of the individuals-including himself-who are cai-rying it In our statement of the development of intelligence we have on. The evolutionary appearance of mind or intelligence takes already suggested that the language process is essential for the place when the whole social process of experience and behavior development of the self. The self has a character which is dif- is brought within the experience of any one of the separate indi- ferent from that of the physiological organism proper. The viduals implicated therein, and when the individual's adjust- self is something which has a development; it is not initially ment to the process is modified and refined by the awareness br there, at birth, but arises in the process of social experience and consciousness which he thus has of it. It is by means of reflex- activity, that is, develops in the given individual as a result of iveness-the turning-back of the experience of the individual his relations to that process as a whole and to other individuals upon himself-that the whole social process is thus brought into within that process. The intelligence of the lower forms of ani- the experience of the individuals involved in it; it is by such ma1 life, like a great deal of human intelligence, does not involve means, which enable the individual to take the attitude of the a self. In our habitual actions, for example, in our moving about other toward himself, that the individual is able consciously to in a world that is simply there and to which we are so adjusted adjust himself to that process, and to modify the resultant of that no thinking is involved, there is a certain amount of sensu- that process in any given social act in terms of his adjustment ous experience such as persons have when they are just waking to it. Reflexiveness, then, is the essential condition, within the up, a bare thereness of the world. Such characters about us may social process, for the development of mind.
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Mead_Mind__Self__and_Society - THEU N I V E ROF CHICAGO S~...

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