Lecture 04 Nature of Arch Record

Lecture 04 Nature of Arch Record - Processes 2...

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The Nature of the Archaeological Data Lecture 4
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The Forms of Archaeological Data Three Basic Classes Artifacts Features Ecofacts Composite Classes Sites Regions
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Artifacts : Portable objects whose form has been modified wholly or partially by human activity.
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Features nonportable artifacts—artifacts that cannot be recovered from the setting in which they are found without altering or destroying their original form.
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Ecofacts nonartifactual material remains that have cultural relevance.
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Sites spatial clusters of artifacts, features, and/or ecofacts that identify where humans have occupied the landscape.
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Function
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Occupation of site
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Underwater Sites
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Regions Spatial clusters of archaeological data that allows archeologists to investigate a wider range of ancient activities
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Geographical Concept
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Formation of Archaeological Data Two Step Process 1:
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Unformatted text preview: Processes 2: Transformational Processes Middle-Range Theory Lewis Binford Step One: Behavioral Processes Activities that affect the environment to produce tangible remains later recovered as archaeological data. Archaeological Data Acquisition- gathering of raw materials Manufacture- modification of raw materials Use- further modification Deposition entry into record Can occur at any point Step Two: Formational Processes Natural Transforms Cultural Transforms Middle-Range Theory Makes correlation between ancient activities and their material traces. Formation of the archaeological record Connects artifacts to ancient behaviours Outlines procedures for inferring behaviour Reconstructing Behavior and Transformational Processes End...
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