Lecture 03 History of Archaeology

Lecture 03 History of Archaeology - Prevailing Views...

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1 History of Archaeology Lecture 3 Prevailing Views Earth was recent Knowledge from ancient writings No history before writing Speculative Phase I Hesiod (800 BC) Pharoah Thutmoses IV (15 th Cent BC) Aztecs (16 th Cent AD) Nabonidus (555 BC) Speculative Phase 2 Renaissance Antiquarian
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2 Speculative Phase 2 William Camden (1587) Britannia William Dugdate Weapons Conyers (1690) Axes with bones First Excavations Looting of Pompeii (A.D. 79) First Excavations2 Thomas Jefferson (1784) Revolutionary Geological Ideas William Smith (1700’s) Strata James Hutton (1784) Natural Processes Charles Lyell (1833) Uniformitarianism
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3 Revolutionary Discoveries 1 Jacques de Perthes (1830’s) Stone axes Human existance before Biblical Flood Revolutionary Discoveries 2 Neander Valley of Germany Concept of Evolution Charles Darwin and Biological Evolution 1831-1836- HMS Beagle Natural Selection Origin of Species (1859) Antiquity of Humanity 1859 John Evans and Joseph Prestwich
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4 The Three Age System Christian Thomsen
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Lecture 03 History of Archaeology - Prevailing Views...

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