Lecture 03

Lecture 03 - History of Archaeology Lecture 3 Prevailing...

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History of Archaeology Lecture 3
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Prevailing Views Earth was recent Knowledge from  ancient writings No history before  writing
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Speculative Phase I Hesiod (800 BC) Pharoah Thutmoses  IV (15 th  Cent BC) Aztecs (16 th  Cent AD) Nabonidus (555 BC)
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Speculative Phase 2 Renaissance Antiquarian
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Speculative Phase 2 William Camden  (1587)   Britannia William Dugdate Weapons Conyers (1690) Axes with bones
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First Excavations  Looting of Pompeii  (A.D. 79)
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First Excavations2 Thomas Jefferson  (1784)
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Revolutionary Geological  Ideas William Smith  (1700’s) Strata James Hutton  (1784) Natural Processes Charles Lyell  (1833) Uniformitarianism
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Revolutionary Discoveries 1 Jacques de  Perthes (1830’s) Stone axes Human existance  before Biblical  Flood
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Revolutionary Discoveries 2 Neander Valley of  Germany
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Concept of Evolution Charles Darwin  and Biological  Evolution 1831-1836- HMS  Beagle Natural Selection Origin of Species  (1859)
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Antiquity of Humanity 1859 John Evans and  Joseph Prestwich
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Lecture 03 - History of Archaeology Lecture 3 Prevailing...

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