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Lecture 05 The Structure of Archaeological Data

Lecture 05 The Structure of Archaeological Data - The...

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The Nature of Archaeological  Data Approaches to Archaeological  Data Gathering
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Archaeological Data Forms Artifacts Features Ecofacts Sites Region Determinants Behavioral and  Transformational  Processes Middle Range Theory
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Determinants (Continued) Matrix : physical medium that surrounds, holds, and supports the  archaeological material. Provenience : a 3-D location (horizontal and vertical position on or  within the matrix) at which the archaeologist finds data. Association : two or more archaeological items (artifacts, ecofacts,  or features) occurring together, usually within the same matrix. Context : interpretation of the significance of an artifact’s deposition  in terms of its matrix, provenience, and association.
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Evaluating Context Primary  (undisturbed) Use-related Transposed Secondary  (disturbed) Use-related Natural
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Primary Context
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