Lecture 09 Social Archaeology and Settlement Arch

Lecture 09 Social - 1 Social Archaeology Announcements Midterm next week ¢ Scantron Saturday ¢ San Diego Archaeology Center 10 1:00 Bring

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Unformatted text preview: 1 Social Archaeology Announcements ¡ Midterm next week ¢ Scantron ¡ Saturday, October 25, 2008 ¢ San Diego Archaeology Center ¡ 10- 1:00 ¡ Bring your lunch ¡ Sunday, November 2, 2008- 10-4:30 (Optional) ¢ San Diego Museum of Man ¡ Dia De Los Muertos Social Archaeology: Lecture Outline ¡ Social Systems ¡ Beginnings: Archaeology as Anthropology ¡ Nature and Scale of a Society ¢ Classification of Societies ¢ Settlement Patterning ¡ Activity Areas-Household Archaeology ¡ Communities and Settlements ¡ Regions ¢ Social Implications from Burials ¢ Social Identities The Systemic View of Human Culture 2 Social Archaeology ¡ Ask the right questions and means to answer them ¡ Social archaeologists work systematically ¡ Understand societies at different points in time ¡ Processes of long-term change Archaeology as Anthropology ¡ Binford pointed out: ¢ That many artifacts- ’socio-technic’- carry out social functions ¢ By identifying and analyzing such artifacts, archaeologists could actually reconstruct past social organization. William Longacre ¡ Carter Ranch Pueblo (1964) ¢ Combine systematic sampling procedures with methods of data processing ¢ Demonstrate the presence of localized matrilineages in the southwest by A.D. 1200. ¡ School of American Research (1970): Reconstructing Pueblo Societies ¢ Methodology and theory for achieving strong inferences about the nature of social organization in extinct pueblo societies. A Question of Top and Bottom ¡ “Top Down” ¢ The size or scale of the society ¢ The internal organization of a society ¡ “Bottom up” ¡ Social constructs ¡ Gender, status, age 3 What is the scale of the largest social unit or polity in the society being studied? Polity : a politically independent or autonomous social unit....
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This note was uploaded on 11/02/2008 for the course BILD 1 taught by Professor Unk during the Spring '08 term at UCSB.

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Lecture 09 Social - 1 Social Archaeology Announcements Midterm next week ¢ Scantron Saturday ¢ San Diego Archaeology Center 10 1:00 Bring

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