MIDTERM

MIDTERM - ON THE SUBLIME - Longinus wrote it (supposed) -...

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ON THE SUBLIME - Longinus wrote it (supposed) - Interaction between classical theories of rhetoric and poetics - True sublime uplifts the soul, creates work of art, does not fade, it is universal and timeless – one is impacted by the work - Artist noble mind, breathes a divine inspiration into the word AUGUSTINE (SA) Stand between your message and your audience – be the most effective communicator Confessions- evolves into his religious philosophy The City of God – heaven; city of man = fake, sinful, after death one is left in nothingness On Christian Doctrine- Rhetorical skills – indifferent tools can use for truth and lies Preaching = Poetic- make doctrine easily memorized Expository- interpreting texts and applying to life (almost unused) Above all be wise Wise well spoken – truth understanding Wise poorly spoken – ppl at least follow their actions Fool poorly spoken – not much damage – ppl see via it Fool well spoken – guild countless # of ppl astray ETHOS (credibility) greatest consideration (4 Augustine) To complete work Modus inveniendi – method for finding mat’l - truths w/in scripture (invention) Modus preferendi – method for expressing ideas – truths found 3 Styles of Oratory Low- must be mastered, if cannot speak well, can get message across in rational manner Middle- be careful about employing this. Use where appropriate to the message and effectively Grand- esp. useful proclaiming a moving truth from text Actions are more important than eloquence (expression). Emphasize ETHOS over pathos (emotion) or logos (reason). BOETHIUS De Differentiis Topicis Topical Maxims – rules allowed speakers to avoid reasoning fallacies & creative effective arguments “where matter needed for something is absent the thing is also absent” MIDDLE AGES Scholasticism – education grounded in a rigid set of philosophical principles (found in Aristotle and Plato) Three Rhetorical Arts: Ars prae dicandi – art of preaching, drawing on the bible to instruct Ars poetri ae – art of poetry Ars dict aminis – art of letter writing 5 parts to Medieval letter Salutatio (greeting) Captatio benevoluntatiae (securing the good will of the recipient) Narratio (body, message) Petitio (specific request, demand or announcement) Conclusio (conclusion)
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MIDTERM - ON THE SUBLIME - Longinus wrote it (supposed) -...

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