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17 - Family Transition Demographic Underpinning

17 - Family Transition Demographic Underpinning - SOCI 121...

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SOCI 121: Population Problems F AMILY OUSEHOLD T RANSITION : D EMOGRAPHIC U NDERPINNINGS TATUS OF W OMEN Objectives: Discuss the Family and Household Transition Explain what “family demography” is Describe patterns of change in the structure of households and families Discuss the proximate determinants of family and household change Class Notes: The Family and Household Transition Households used to be created by marriage and dissolved by death – in between there were children. o Throughout the world this pattern has been transformed by what some have called the “second demographic transition,” which we will discuss as the “family and household transition” in the context of the broader demographic transition. The demographic transition is in essence a transition in family strategies from “family building by fate” to “family building by design.” o In general terms we can describe this as the shift in family and household structure occasioned by people living longer, with fewer children born, increasingly in urban settings, and subject to higher standards of living. Households no longer depend on marriage for their creation, nor do they depend on death to dissolve them, and children are encountered in a wide array of household and living arrangements. We will begin our discussion of the family and household transition by discussing how the structure of households and living arrangements have, in fact, changed over time – how big is this transition in the United States and elsewhere? o But first, we will look at some fundamental concepts in family demography. Defining Family Demography In virtually every human society ever studied, people have organized their lives around a family unit. o In a general sense, a family is any group of people who are related to one another by marriage, birth, or adoption. The nature of the family is that it is a kinship unit. Implicit in the definition of a family is that its members share a sense of social bonding: the mutual acceptance of reciprocal rights and obligations, and of responsibility for each other’s well-being. We usually make a distinction between the nuclear family (at least one parent and their/his/her children) and the extended family , which can extend to other generations (for example grandparents and maybe even great grandparents) and can also laterally to other people within each generation (aunts and uncles, cousins, and so forth). 1
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SOCI 121: Population Problems o Families live in a housing unit, which is the physical space used as separate living quarters for people. A housing unit may be a house, an apartment, a mobile home or trailer, or even a single room or group of rooms. People who share a housing unit are said to have formed a
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17 - Family Transition Demographic Underpinning - SOCI 121...

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