Unformatted text preview: r744. Aristotelian triangle ~ (rhetorical triangle) A diagram that illustrates the interrelationship among the speaker, audience, and subject in determining a text. "'"“ 15. Assertion — A statement that presents a claim or thesis.
:"r- 16. Assumption — (warrant) In the Toulmin model, the warrant expresses the assumption necessarily shared by the speaker and the audience " 17. Asyndeton — Omission of conjunctions between coordinate phrases, clauses, or words [W]e shall pay any price, bear any burden, meet any hardship, support any friend,
oppose any foe to assure the survival and the success of liberty. - John F. Kennedy ~48. Audience — The listener, viewer, or reader of a text. Most texts are likely to have .i'-* (a multiple audiences. Gehrig ’s audience was his teammates and fans in the stadium that day, but it was also the teams he played against, the fans listening on the radio, and
posterity — us. "19. Backing —- In the Toulmin model, backing consists of ﬁirther assurances or data without which the assumption lacks authority. (See Toulmin model)
20. Bandwagon appeal — See ad populum fallacy - 2]. Begging the question — A fallacy in which a claim is based on evidence or support that is in doubt. It “begs” a question whether the support itself is sound. Giving students easy
access to a wealth of facts and resources online allows them to develop critical thinking
skills 22. Circular reasoning — A fallacy in which the argument repeats the claim as a way to
provide evidence. You can ’t give me a C; I’m an A studentl . 23. Claim — Also called an assertion or proposition, a claim states the argument’s main idea or position. A claim differs from a topic or subject in that a claim has to be arguable.
24. Claim of fact — A claim that asserts that something is true or not true. T he number of suicides and homicides committed by teenagers, most often young men, has exploded in
the last three decades... 25. Claim of policy — A claim that proposes a change. Yet one solution continues to elude us, and that is ending the ignorance about mental health, and moving it from the margins
of care and into the mainstream where it belongs. _,. 26. Claim of value — A claim that argues that something is good or bad, right or wrong. There ’s a plague on all our houses, and since it doesn ’t announce itself with lumps or
spots or protest marches, it has gone unremarhed in the quiet suburbs and busy cities
where it has been laying waste. e Anna Quindlen ...
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- Fall '15
- Bobbi Carter