14 - Migration Consequences

14 - Migration Consequences - SOCI 121: Population Problems...

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SOCI 121: Population Problems C ONSEQUENCES OF M IGRATION Objectives: Discuss consequences of migration for both migrants and societies Class Notes: Consequences of Migration Migration has the potential to significantly affect the lives of the people who move, the people they leave behind, and the new people with whom they interact over time. Depending on the size of the migration flow over time, migration has the potential to dramatically alter the demographic and social structure of a community (both origin and destination) within a very short period of time. Migration also has the potential to alter the social structure over the long term as the immigrants stock adds its children (part of the foreign stock). Consequences for Migrants Migrants typically move in order to improve their lives, but for the individual migrant, relocation may produce anxiety and stress as a new social environment has to be negotiated. o Part of the negotiation process may be to deal with discrimination (possibly including violence) that is often the result of xenophobia, fear and mistrust of strangers on the part of people already residing in the place to which the migrant has moved. One way in which migrants cope with a new environment is to seek out others who share their cultural and geographic backgrounds. o This often is aided or even forced by the existence of an enclave , a place in a larger community within which members of a particular subgroup tend to concentrate. Migrants seek out enclaves inhabited by recent and former migrants from the same or similar area. The enclave in the host area has guides to the new environment; former migrants who have made the adaptation and stand ready to aid in the social adjustment and integration of new migrants. Immigrants undergo a process of adaptation or adjustment to the new environment, in which they adjust to the new physical and social environment and learn how best to negotiate everyday life. o Most proceed to some level of acculturation , in which they adopt the host language, bring their diet more in line with the host culture, and make friends outside of their immigrant group. Language use and proficiency is a frequently used indicator of acculturation. Many migrants never go beyond this, but some migrants (and especially children raised in the host culture) assimilate and take on the behaviors and attitudes of members of the host culture. o
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14 - Migration Consequences - SOCI 121: Population Problems...

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